Aims of Standardization
The general aims of standardization follow from the definition of standardization. Standardization may have one or more specific aims, to make a product, process or service fit for its purpose.
Such aims can be, but are not restricted to variety control, usability, compatibility, interchangeability, health, safety, protection of the environment, product protection, mutual understanding, economic performance and trade. They can be overlapping.
- Fitness for purpose
This is the ability of a product, process or service to serve a defined purpose under specific conditions
This is the suitability of products, processes or services for use together under specific conditions to fulfill relevant requirements without causing unacceptable interactions.
This is the ability of one product, process or service to be used in place of another to fulfill the same requirements
NOTE – The functional aspect of interchangeability is called “functional interchangeability”, and the dimensional aspect “dimensional interchangeability”.
- Variety control
This is the selection of the optimum number of sizes or types of products, processes or services to meet prevailing needs
NOTE – Variety control is usually concerned with variety reduction.
This is the freedom from unacceptable risk of harm.
NOTE – In standardization, the safety of products, processes and services is generally considered with a view to achieving the optimum balance of a number of factors, including non-technical factors such as human behavior, which will eliminate avoidable risks of harm to persons and goods to an acceptable degree.
- Protection of the environment
This is the preservation of the environment from unacceptable damage from the effects and operations of products, processes and services.
- Product protection
It can also be referred to as environment protection (deprecated).
This is the protection of a product against climatic or other adverse conditions during its use, transport or storage.
PRINCIPLES OF VOLUNTARY STANDARDIZATION
There are five principles of voluntary standardization;
- state of the art
- open to all interested parties (stakeholders)
This is the general agreement, characterized by the absence of sustained opposition to substantial issues by any important part of the concerned interests and by a process that involves seeking to take into account the views of all parties concerned and to reconcile any conflicting arguments.
NOTE – Consensus need not imply unanimity.
- State of the art
This is the developed stage of technical capability at a given time as regards products, processes and services, bases on the relevant consolidated findings of science, technology and experience.
- Open to all interested parties (collective achievement on a neutral basis)
This indicates that all parties concerned are invited to and should be represented in standardization work on all levels.
This indicates that prior to publication, a normative document has to be submitted as a draft standard for public inquiry. Justified objections have to be considered by the Technical Standards Committee responsible.
This is the preparation of every single standard entails the attention to coherence and uniformity both, on a national and European level. For European standardization this implies: Conflicting national standards have to be withdrawn. Thus, uniformity of the body of standards and continuity are safeguarded to the benefit of the user – even beyond the borders of Croatia.
Stakeholders involved in standardization;
– service providers
– (industrial) users
– public authorities
– scientists/professional institutions
– educational authorities